Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGaA
61352 Bad Homburg
T: +49 6172 609-0
Almost 4 million people suffer from chronic kidney failure around the world. The kidneys of these patients are unable to filter metabolic toxins and excess water from the blood for excretion through the urine. About 3 million patients rely on regular, life-saving dialysis treatment – either at a dialysis clinic or at home – to prevent the damage of further organs these toxins can cause when they accumulate in the blood.
When the kidneys fail, the whole body suffers. As the organs’ ability to filter the blood begins to fail, an excessive amount of protein is often excreted through the urine. The body then lacks this protein. In addition, edemas (retained water) can form in the legs or lungs. In many cases, an insufficient amount of toxins is also removed. These then collect in the blood and can damage other organs. Problems in the digestive tract can appear and even lead to bleeding ulcers. The toxins can even disturb the rhythm of the heart or lead to infection in the pericardium (heart sac). Nervous system disorders have also been observed.
The number of patients with chronic kidney disease grows five to six percent each year. This is primarily due to a longer life span, which increases the chance of kidney disease. In addition, the treatment of kidney patients in many developing countries is improving. The constantly increasing rates of high blood pressure and diabetes – the main causes of chronic kidney failure – also play a role.
Types of dialysis
The basic differences between the two types of dialysis treatment are as follows:
- Hemodialysis accounts for about 88 percent of all dialysis therapies. In hemodialysis, blood is filtered outside the patient’s body using an artificial kidney (dialyzer). The patient’s circulation is monitored and controlled by a dialysis machine.
- The lining of the abdominal wall, known as the peritoneum, can also be used as a natural filter for dialysis. This type of dialysis is known as peritoneal dialysis and was used in the treatment of about 350,000 patients at the end of 2017.
A kidney transplant is the third treatment option for patients with chronic kidney failure. However, there is a very limited supply of donor organs. More than 750,000 renal patients around the world live with a donor kidney.
Fresenius Medical Care offers a comprehensive range of products for hemo and peritoneal dialysis, covering all aspects of dialysis treatment.
About half of all dialysis machines and dialyzers sold each year are produced by Fresenius Medical Care.
The wide majority of hemodialysis patients undergo out-patient treatment at one of about 38,000 dialysis centers around the world. The blood-filtering therapy is usually administered three times a week and lasts three to five hours per treatment. When patients are not receiving treatment, they lead largely normal lives.
Home dialysis is an alternative to treatment at a dialysis clinic. Although peritoneal dialysis is already an established form of home dialysis, home hemodialysis is comparatively rare. Working patients especially benefit from home dialysis since it offers more flexibility. Treatments can be scheduled to fit their professional and private lives. They no longer have to commute for treatments, winning valuable extra time.